Skin is the largest organ in your body that acts as a barrier between you and the external elements. Apart from its aesthetic significance, your skin protects your body from fatal dehydration, harmful elements, infections and diseases. Due to the constant exposure to various external aggressors, skin is usually the first organ to show the signs of ageing.
Skin Ageing Process
As part of the body's defense mechanism, your skin is exposed to both intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence the skin ageing process.
Intrinsic Skin Ageing
Intrinsic skin ageing is mainly determined by genes and you have less control on it. Skin colour is one of the examples of genetic condition that plays a crucial role in skin ageing. People with darker skin tone, genetically have more melanin to help protect their skin against UV-induced ageing and cancer, better than those with pale skin tone.
Extrinsic Skin Ageing
Unlike intrinsic skin ageing, you can have more control on the extrinsic skin ageing process. Limiting the exposure to the extrinsic ageing factors will help slow down the appearance of signs of ageing.
Extrinsic Skin Ageing Mechanisms
It is difficult to know precisely what percentage of skin ageing caused by the external or internal factors. It varies among individuals, depending on the lifestyle, eating habits, personal care and other circumstances.
Nevertheless, you have much more control on the extrinsic than the intrinsic skin ageing. Therefore, this article will focus on the extrinsic skin ageing mechanisms and how to slow down the process.
Oxidative Stress and Ageing
As part of the normal metabolism, your body generates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Under normal circumstances, ROS don't cause any harm to your body. However, when your body is exposed to environmental, physical or mental stress; it generates too many ROS than it can handle. They trigger oxidative stress in your body.
Oxidative Stress has damaging effects on your body. It causes damage to body cells. It damages the collagen and elastin fibres, triggering the appearance of signs of ageing such as wrinkles and sagging skin.
What to do:
To help reduce oxidative stress in your body, eat plenty foods that are rich in antioxidants. Antioxidant helps neutralise free radicals, the harmful molecules that trigger oxidative stress in your body. Limit your exposure to polluted environment. Inhaling polluted air triggers the formation of free radicals in your body.
To help protect your skin from free radical damage, use a skincare product that contains rose extract, one of the main ingredients in Rose & Cacay Hydrating Serum Cream. A study showed that rose extract contains powerful antioxidants such as polyphenolics, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, that help neutralise free radicals and prevent oxidative stress.
Healing-Inflammation and Ageing-Inflammation
Inflammation can be a crucial part of the body's defense mechanism. Our body triggers acute inflammation to fight against infection or injury. In most cases, acute inflammation is a short-term and necessary process in order for the body to renew itself and repair damages. It is part of the healing process too.
However, when the inflammation lasts longer than it is supposed to be, it has damaging effects to the body. Known as a chronic inflammation, it has been associated with some diseases such as diabetes, alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease and premature skin ageing.
What to do:
To help reduce inflammation, cut down the consumption of high sugar content and fried foods. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables as they contain antioxidants that help control inflammation in your body.
Topically, use a skincare product that contains Blue Chamomile, one of the key ingredients in Blue Chamomile & Cacay Facial Oil. Blue Chamomile contains Alpha Bisabolol and Bisabolol Oxides, the substances known for their anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties.
A prolonged exposure to UV radiation, especially UVB, is the main cause of DNA damage. DNA damage potentially leads to the development of skin cancer. In addition to that, it also triggers the premature appearance of signs of ageing such as wrinkles, sagging skin and hyperpigmentation.
What to do:
Using a sunblock regularly helps limit the DNA damage caused by UV radiation. Most importantly, avoid exposure to sun during its peak times, generally between 10 AM and 4 PM.
To help further with preventing the premature skin ageing, use a skincare product that contains colloidal gold, the main ingredient in 24k Gold & Rosehip Rejuvenating Cream. Colloidal Gold is known for its excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, hence it helps slow down the appearance of signs of ageing.
Glycation and Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs)
What happen in your body when you eat high-sugary foods?
Sugar has the ability to attach itself to a protein molecule such as collagen and elastin fibres. This process is known as Glycation.
Glycation is a normal process triggered by the presence of sugar in your body. The end result of Glycation is the formation of harmful molecules known as Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) that can cause serious damage to your body.
Gylcation weakens skin matrix as it damages various skin components like collagen, elastin and other skin proteins. It accelerates the skin ageing process and triggers the appearance of signs of ageing including loss of elasticity, wrinkles and sagging skin. It weakens skin barrier function and body's defense mechanism. As skin acts as the first defense against external attacks, it is important to minimise skin damage and slow down its ageing process.
What to do:
To slow down the ageing process, internally, we can limit the effect of various ageing factors by having well-balanced diets, regular exercises and positive mind. Externally, a good skincare routine and the use of high-quality skin care products can slow down the appearance of various signs of ageing.
To help prevent the thinning of your skin, use a skincare product that contains Saccharide Isomerate, the main ingredient in Rose & Cacay Hydrating Serum Cream. It has been reported that Saccharide Isomerate helps stimulate the hyaluronic acid synthesis in your body by up to 66% and reduce the appearance of wrinkles by up to 79.3%.
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Sources: Fighting against Skin Aging, The Way from Bench to Bedside, Cell Transplantation, 2018 May, 27(5): 729–738; What Controls Variation in Human Skin Color?, PLOS Biology, 2003 Oct; 1(1): e27.