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All You Need to Know About Skin Ageing Process

Skin is the largest organ in your body that acts as a barrier between you and the external elements. Apart from its aesthetic significance, your skin protects your body from fatal dehydration, harmful elements, infections and diseases. Due to the constant exposure to external aggressors, skin is usually the first organ to show the signs of time.

Skin Ageing Process

As part of the body's defense mechanism, your skin is exposed to both intrinsic and extrinsic factors that influence the skin ageing process. 

Intrinsic Skin Ageing

Intrinsic skin ageing is mainly determined by genes and you have less control on it. Skin colour is one of the examples of genetic condition that plays a crucial role in skin ageing. People with darker skin tone, genetically have more melanin to help protect their skin against UV-induced ageing, better than those with pale skin tone.

Extrinsic Skin Ageing

Apart from genes, your skin ageing process is also influenced by the external factors such as UV radiation, diets, harsh weather and pollution.

Unlike intrinsic skin ageing, you can have more control on the extrinsic skin ageing process. By limiting the exposure to the extrinsic ageing factors, it will slow down the appearance of signs of ageing.

Skin Ageing Process

Extrinsic Skin Ageing Mechanisms

It is difficult to know precisely what percentage of skin ageing caused by the external or internal factors. Nevertheless, you have much more control on the extrinsic skin ageing. Therefore, this article will focus on the commonly-known extrinsic skin ageing mechanisms and how to slow down the ageing process.

Oxidative Stress

As part of the normal metabolism, your body generates Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Under normal circumstances, ROS don't cause any harm to your body. However, when your body is exposed to stressful environment, it generates too many ROS than it can handle. As a result, it triggers oxidative stress in your body.

Oxidative Stress has damaging effects to your body. It causes damages to body cells. It damages the collagen and elastin fibres, triggering the appearance of signs of ageing such as wrinkles and sagging skin.

What to do: 

To help reduce oxidative stress in your body, eat plenty foods that are rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants help neutralise free radicals, the harmful molecules that trigger oxidative stress in your body. Limit your exposure to polluted environment. As in the previous article, inhaling polluted air triggers the formation of free radicals in your body.

To help protect your skin from free radical damage, use a skincare product that contains rose extract, one of the main ingredients in Rose & Cacay Hydrating Serum Cream. A study showed that rose extract contains powerful antioxidants such as polyphenolics, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, that help neutralise free radicals and prevent oxidative stress.


Inflammation is one of the conditions that accelerates ageing process in your body and increases the risk for some diseases including diabetes, alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease and premature skin ageing. 

What to do:

To help reduce inflammation, cut down the consumption of high-sugary and fried foods. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables as they contain antioxidants that help control inflammation in your body.

Topically, use a skincare product that contains Blue Chamomile extract, one of the key ingredients in Blue Chamomile & Cacay Facial Oil. Blue Chamomile extract contains Alpha Bisabolol and Bisabolol Oxides, the substances known for their anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties.

DNA Damage

A prolonged exposure to UV radiation, especially UVB, is the main cause of DNA damage. DNA damage potentially leads to the development of skin cancer. In addition to that, it also triggers the premature appearance of signs of ageing such as wrinkles, sagging skin and pigmentation problem.

What to do:

Using a sunblock regularly helps limit the DNA damage caused by UV radiation. Most importantly, avoid exposure to sun during its peak times, generally between 10 AM and 4 PM.

To help further with preventing the premature skin ageing, use a skincare product that contains colloidal gold, the main ingredient in 24k Gold & Rosehip Rejuvenating Cream. Colloidal Gold is known for its excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, hence it helps slow down the appearance of signs of ageing.

Advanced Glycation End (AGE) Products 

What will happen in your body when you eat high-sugary foods?

Sugar has the ability to attack protein molecules in your body, such as collagen and elastin fibres. This process is known as Advanced Glycation End (AGE) Products. When there are too many AGE in your body, they cause significant damages to collagen and elastin fibres, overtime, your skin becomes thin, fragile and loses its spring.

What to do:

To help reduce AGE in your body, limit the consumption of foods that are high in refined sugar or carbohydrate.

To help prevent the thinning of your skin, use a skincare product that contains Saccharide Isomerate, the main ingredient in Rose & Cacay Hydrating Serum Cream. It has been reported that Saccharide Isomerate helps stimulate the hyaluronic acid synthesis in your body by up to 66% and reduce the appearance of wrinkles by up to 79.3%.

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Sources: Fighting against Skin Aging, The Way from Bench to Bedside, Cell Transplantation, 2018 May, 27(5): 729–738; What Controls Variation in Human Skin Color?, PLOS Biology, 2003 Oct; 1(1): e27.

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